Effects of Four Different Enteral Feeding Methods on Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in Critically Ill Patients: double blinded, randomized controlled trial


1. Dr. Seyed Mohammad Hosein Mousavi Jazayeri, Nutrition Research Center, Faculty of Nutrition, 2. Dr. Alireza Ostadrahimi, MD, PhD, Nutrition Research Center, Faculty of Nutrition, 3. Abdolrasoul Safaiyan, MSc, Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Health, 4. Dr. Shahryar Hashemzadeh, MD, Surgeon, Department of General and Thoracic Surgery, 5. Dr. Firouz Salehpour, MD, Neurosurgeon, Department of Neurosurgery, 1-5: Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.


Dr. S Mohammad Hosein Mousavi - jazayerihosein@gmail.com

Background: Despite advances on nutrition in Intensive Care Unit (ICU), effects of different nutritional treatments and methods on inflammatory markers are still controversial in critically ill patients. This study was designed to examine the effects of four different methods of enteral feeding on serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF- alpha) in surgical ICU patients. Methods: In a double blinded, randomized controlled trial, 25critically ill patients were recruited. They randomly divided to four groups regarding enteral feeding: early closed (EC), delayed closed (DC), early opened (EO) and delayed opened (DO). Blood samples were obtained to measure TNF- alpha on day 1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th by using ELISA method. Results: Monitoring of TNF-alpharevealed a significant elevation of these inflammatory factors at 3rd day of ICU admission (P< 0.001) and a significant decrease on 5th and 7thdays (P<0.001) in all groups. The inflammatory factor was controlled in early closed (EC) group more efficiently than other groups. Conclusion: Early closed (EC) enteral feeding can efficiently reduce TNF- alpha in ICU patients more than other methods of enteral feeding. Early initiation of closed enteral feeding has to be considered in critically ill patients.